How to Increase Water Pressure Without a Pump?
Below I’ve discussed in-depth how to increase water pressure without a pump. You’re most likely here because you are experiencing low water pressure at home but you don’t want to buy an expensive pump at this moment or you don’t own a water pump. But you would like to see how you can increase water pressure without a pump.
Look no further, you’re at the right place.
Well pumps are a great choice if you’re dealing with low water pressure. These pumps are powerful enough to draw water from the shallow surface level. However, this is expensive and may not always be an option you’re looking for.
So, if you want to increase water pressure without a pump, there are actually quite a few easy, actionable yet cost-effective steps you can follow that I’ve included in this article.
Pinpoint the Problem
First things first! Before you check the steps to fix the low water pressure problem I’ve mentioned later on this article. You need to do one thing first.
You need to check the water pressure in the water mains entering your home.
Because if you find the mains water pressure is low, there’s no point in trying out any of the actionable steps below. As the steps below are applicable only if you have issues with low pressure in your home water system.
Now, since we’ve got that out of the way. Let me tell you how to check the water pressure.
Just connect a pressure gauge to a water tap, turn the water on, and you should see instant pressure reading on the gauge. The standard expected pressure is generally above 50 PSI. However, these settings can be adjusted to your need.
Usually, any reading below 25-30 PSI is considered as low water pressure.
If your water supply is coming from a local municipality, you really have no control over how much water pressure you’re going to get from them. It is controlled by them.
Regardless, if you check to see that the mains water line pressure is fine and is above 50 PSI, you should then draw your attention inside of your home. And follow the steps in this article that should help you increase your water pressure.
How to Increase Water Pressure Without a Pump?
So, here we go!
Let’s go through my 5 actionable steps you can take to increase your water pressure without the pump.
Step #1: Check for clogged pipes in your house
Even when you have checked that the water mains have good pressure, having a clogged line to your house can lead to low-pressure water at the house. And this is probably the most common culprit for having low water pressure in the house.
Here is what happens:
If your house plumbing system is old, it is common for it to have rust if it is steel piping and over time it may shred off iron particles into the water. Also over time, sediments and residues can accumulate and pile up and start clogging the pipe system.
Especially, if your plumbing pipes are narrow, it is very much prone to clogging. Therefore, you need to do frequent inspection and cleaning.
Now, how can you tell if you have a blockage in your piping system?
Be mindful that it’s not easy at all!
Firstly, the thing you need to gather is the blueprint of your house’s pipeline network system. If you have it handy, all well and good; this could save you time to really have a good understanding of your plumbing pipe layout in the house.
Unfortunately, chances are you don’t have one readily available. In that case, you will need to do the hard work yourself and go through the house to figure out the piping layout yourself.
I would check all taps in the house and see what the flow is like.
Check all the faucets in the house and determine the flow speed.
This will allow you to understand whether you have a problem in all of the taps in the house or any particular tap is having low water pressure.
In turn, this will help you focus on the one that you’re having issues with and thus, saving time and effort.
Inspection is done. What now?
Now carefully remove the part that is affected by debris and clogged material and clean them thoroughly. It’s often a good idea to use good dissolving chemicals that are just used for these purposes and they are readily available in the market for affordable prices. Be very cautious while using chemicals as these are corrosive and detrimental for health.
Tip-1: If there are too many sharp turns and twists in the piping system, try to eliminate them as much as possible as it affects the natural flow of water and thus reduces pressure.
Remember: As this is a quite time-consuming and labor-intensive task, make sure you are absolutely required to disassemble the pipes due to extensive clogging. If you’ve pressure issues with only a few faucets, check to see step #4 for an easier solution.
Step #2: Relocate your water tank to an elevated height
According to an article by sciencing.com, water at a height of 1 foot creates 0.43 PSI. Therefore, the more you can elevate your water tank the better pressure you’ll receive.
So, if you’re experiencing poor water pressure at home, try to relocate your water tank to an elevated height.
Tip-2: Check to see if all valves including the mains, shut-off, and curbside ones are fully open. This is trivial to know if these valves are partially closed, it will cause notable water pressure reduction in your house.
Step #3: Check for leaks in the piping system
It is probably one of the most common reasons for low water pressure in the house.
Leaking pipes are not hard to spot as you may see water dripping or hear it. It may also leave wet spots, watermarks on the wall. Puddles of water may be seen as well.
So, keep an eye out for these signs.
However, if the leak is not prominent, it might at times be hard to detect.
But, not to worry! If you know what to look for it’s not really that hard.
Step-1: Turn off all the faucets in your house and then monitor the pressure gauge carefully. If it’s still not going down to zero or close to it; you know you have leaking pipes.
Step-2: Once you’re sure you have leaks from step #1, it is obvious that you need to search for the potential leaking pipes.
Leaks are dangerous for many reasons but the most important is that if it reaches electrical cables, it may cause serious damage to your house. So, pay full attention to leaks it deserves.
Tip #4: Follow this if you have low pressure at some particular faucets
Open all the taps one by one. And carefully notice whether all of them are experiencing low pressure or is it with certain specific ones?
If it is only with a few faucets, the solution is rather easy!
Here are simple two steps again!
Step-1: Remove the faucet aerator and clean it well both inside and outside. You may use soft dissolver chemicals available for just this purpose if you experience hard to remove residues. Once the cleaning is done, recheck the water flow and pressure to see for any improvement.
If not, proceed to step #2.
Step-2: Now remove the entire faucet from the base. Submerge it into soft dissolving cleaning solutions or in vinegar for a while. It should dissolve and remove any sediment buildups overnight. Then check the inside and you may want to use torchlight and toothpick to remove any remaining debris.
Put it back again into place and let it run again and check if it has increased the pressure.
If the problem persists, then it is likely due to clogged pipes and in this case, refer to step no. 1: Check for clogged pipes in the house.
Step #5: Low Pressure at the Showerhead
It is quite a frustrating experience if you find yourself in the shower and the water is trickling and dripping.
The problem might be with the showerhead. Sediments may build up inside it over time and it is a good practice to have it cleaned every 3 months or so. Especially, if your locality supplies hard water. It can leave scale on the faucets that are responsible for low water pressure.
Another reason for getting low water pressure out of the showerhead is that if you use a separate water heater. Which was in my case where I live. The water heating process takes time and it is occasionally the reason for low water pressure at the showerhead.
But you really need to use that separate heater, look for a specially designed showerhead that is available in the market that performs better with low water pressure.
There you go! My 5 actionable steps should help you increase water pressure without a pump. However, if you still experiencing low water pressure, the last but not the least option is to call in a professional plumber to have them diagnose and identify the root cause of low water pressure and do repairs or replace any parts of the water system if necessary.